Selasa, 04 Oktober 2011


Ki Hajar Dewantara Born in Yogyakarta on May 2, 1889, under the name Raden Mas Soewardi Soeryaningrat. He derived from the royal family environment Yogyakarta.Raden Mas Soewardi Soeryaningrat, now reached the age of 40 years according to a count of Caka, renamed the Ki Hajar Dewantara.Hal This meant that he can freely close to the people, both physically and heart.

The journey of his life truly marked the struggle and devotion for the sake of his people. He graduated from elementary schools in the ELS (Elementary School Holland) then had continued to STOVIA (Bumiputera medical school), but not until the end because of illness. Later he worked as a journalist at several newspapers, among others Sedyotomo, Midden Java, De Express, Oetoesan Indies, Kaoem Moeda, Tjahaja Timoer and Poesara. In his time, he considered the author handal.Selain tenacious as a young journalist, he was also active in social and political organization. In 1908, he was active in the propaganda section Boedi Oetomo to socialize and arouse public awareness of Indonesia.

Then, along Douwes Dekker (Dr. Danudirdja Setyabudhi) and dr. Cipto Mangoenkoesoemo, he founded the Indische Partij (political party first wing nationalism Indonesia) which aims to achieve Indonesia's independence.
They are trying to register this organization to obtain legal status in the Dutch colonial government. But the Dutch colonial government through the Governor General's Idenburg refused registration. Refusal reason is because this organization is considered to evoke a sense of nationalism and unity to move against the Dutch colonial government.
After the time kemedekaan, Ki beat Dewantara has served as Minister of Education, Teaching and Culture of the first. The name of Ki Hajar Dewantara not only immortalized as a hero figure and education (National Education father) that dates of birth May 2 made the day of National Education, but also designated as National Hero Movement. Other awards he received is the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Gajah Mada in 1957.

Two years after obtaining the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa, he died on April 28, 1959 in Yogyakarta and is buried there.
Day of birth, celebrated as National Education Day. Famous teachings is tut wuri handayani (behind giving encouragement),
ing middle Mangun intention (in the middle of creating opportunities for initiative),
ing ngarsa sungtulada (in front of an example).

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